This video introduces - в этом видео будет представлено the viewer - зрителям, to the use of Word Stress - как применять ударения в словах.
Hello friends - привет, друзья, and welcome - и добро пожаловать, to learning - чтобы узнать больше spoken English lesson three - в третьем уроке разговорного английского языка: word stress - ударения в словах.
I apologize - я прошу прощения for the delay – за задержку in releasing this video - выпуска этого видео.
I was in China last month - я был в Китае в прошлом месяце, making plans with school officials - планируя со школьными чиновниками to take a team of volunteers - взять команду добровольцев to China this summer - в Китай этим летом, to teach spoken English - чтобы преподавать разговорный английский язык.
I thank you for your patience - я благодарю вас за ваше терпение.
When learning to speak – когда учишься говорить in English - на английском языке, it is important to understand - важно понять word stress – ударения в словах.
In English, - в английском языке every word’s made of syllables - каждое слово составлено из слогов.
Each word has one, - каждое слово имеет один, two, three or more syllables, - два, три или больше слога, and with a few exceptions, - и с несколькими исключениями, every syllable in English contains - каждый слог в английском языке содержит at least one vowel or vowel sound - по крайней мере один гласный звук.
When speaking American English, - когда говорим на американском английском, we do not say each word - мы не говорим каждое слово with the same force or stress - с одинаковой силой или напряжением. In each word we accent - в каждом слове мы акцентируем or say one syllable louder, - или проговариваем один слог громче, stronger – сильнее or with more emphasis – или с большим акцентом, than the others - чем другие.
Look at the words before you.
Repeat the words as I say them:
Now if you say each word slowly, you can hear the syllables that make them up. Notice that the second syllable has been shown in capital letters.
This is to indicate that the second syllable is to be accented or stressed more than the first syllable.
Repeat after me. Now let’s look at the word China. Notice that the word China is made up of two syllables: Chi/na. Also notice that the first syllable is shown in all capital letters to indicate that it is stressed or emphasized while the second syllable is pronounced softer. Repeat after me.
Now look at the last word on the slide. Con/ver/sa/tion has four syllables. Notice that the third syllable is to be accented while others syllables are to be pronounced softer. Listen as I say the word. Now you try it.
The syllables that are not stressed are called weak, small or quiet.
Native speakers of English listen for the stressed syllable in a word and not the weak syllables.
So if you practice and use word stress in your speech, you can prove your pronunciation and comprehension so here’re some simple rules to follow when practicing word stress.
One word, one stress.
One word can not have two syllables.
If you hear two stresses, you’ve heard two words, not one.
Now some words DO have secondary stress, but it is much smaller or weaker than the primary stress, and it is used only inn long words.
Only vowels are stressed, not consonants.
Remember the three words from the earlier slide? a/BOUT: The sound in the second syllable that is stressed is the short /o/ sound.
The sound stressed in CHI/na is the long /ai/ sound. With sound stressed in the word con/ver/sa/tion.
Listen and see if you can hear the vowel that is accented. [see screen and listen] Of course, it’s the long /ai:/ sound.
The first two rules are easy to understand and easy to put in the practice.
In English, there are many rules to learn and many exceptions to each rule.
So instead of trying to learn all the rules and their exceptions, try to feel the rhythm of spoken English, and add stress naturally.
Now let’s look at the rule number three and four.
Stress on the first syllable. 90% of all nouns are accented on the first syllable.
Most two syllable nouns and most two syllable adjectives are stressed on the first syllable as well.
For example, [see screen and listen]
Stress on the last syllable. Most two syllable verbs are stressed on the last syllable.
Take the example of the verbs “de/cide”, the stress is on the second syllable and it is pronounced decide.
The verb begin, for example, is pronounced, be/GIN.
Now let’s put all these together and practice word stress in complete sentences.
This will give you an opportunity to hear how word stress along with the sentence stress creates the rhythm or the beat of American English.
Practice speaking with the following sentences along with me.
These are some simple rules / to help you understand and use word stress to improve your spoken English.
The best rule to follow, though, is to practice speaking American English and listening to how a native English speaker stresses his or her words.
I have mp3 files available to help you practice word stress.
If you’re e-mail me at [email protected]zengmao.com, I’ll be happy to send you the practice exercises and the mp3 files.
Until next time, XiaXien.